How to tackle question 1:
· Analyse the task given
· Study the stimulus and graphic aid. Types of stimuli are likely to be:
- Single line graph
- Double line graph
- Bar graph (single double or triple bar graph
- Pie chart
- Short pieces of task
· Focus on the task given
· Jot down on point quickly
· Organize your point by numbering them in logical sequence
· Insert linkers/connectives
· Your introduction should describe the broad/important trend (s)shown
· Do not provide your opinion or the copy words from the stimulus.
· Writing your report/article in full. Do not ask bullet points.
Interpretation and outline
Interpretations the bar chart (see interpretation and outline for one stimuli on page 175).
Interpretation the table. Compare and contrast the price of both the imported and local cars from the year 1980 to 2000
Giver title of the essay
· Controlling idea
State the main or controlling idea
State the trend
Provide analysis of the data provided
Summarize main findings
Different modes of commuter transport in Kuala Lumpur
The graph shows the different modes of commuter transport used in Kuala Lumpur 1980, 1990, and 2000.
The tread indicates the growing use of cars for commuting to work between 1980 and 2000,and the corresponding decline in the popularity of buses from being the most popular mode of transport in 1980 to the least popular in 2000
Train commuter numbers rose from just under 20% in 1980 to about 27% in 1990, but fell to about 23% in 2000 . motorcycle use has bee relatively stable , falling from around 27% of commuters in 1980, to 22% in 1990 , but climbing back to reach 25% by 2000. Car use increased steadily from just over 5% in 1980 to 23% in 1990 , reaching almost 40% by 2000 as prices of imported and local car dropped significantly . this price drop caused an increase in car ownership, and caused the popularity of buses to drop from just under 35% in 1980 to 27% in 1990 and 15% in 2000.
There is a clear correlation between the growing use of cars and the decline in popularity of buses. The use of cars has had the strongest on the public transporting system .
Went up (to)
An upward trend
A boom (a dramatic rise)
Leveled out (at)
Did not change (at)
Remained steady (at)
Stayed constant (at)
Maintained the same level
A leveling out
Stood at (we use this phrase to focus on a particular point , before we mention the movement , for example in the movement for year ,
Unemployment stood at…..)
A fluctuation reached a (of) reached at.
Describing the degree of change
Describing the speed of change
Useful adjectives to compare and contrast
Describing one part of the chart /graph.
Starting with the adjective
The most significant
Are employed in the executive category.
Come from Sabah
Starting with the subject
Red is the professional is the Mexico is the
A lot more
Slightly more fractionally more
Are employed in the manufacturing sector
Come from Mexico
Starting with the subject
Blue cars are
Fractionally more less
· Spend about 5 minutes reading the graph (s) or chart (s) and prepare your answer.
· Write in your own the data is about.
· Understand what the axes on the graph (s) or the percentage in the pie chart (s) represent.
· Understand what the important stages of the flowchart or diagram are, and that you know order they all came in.
· Focus on the key information or important trends.
· Look for ways to compare data.
· Use sequence expressions such as ‘first of all’, ‘after that’, ‘at the same time’, ‘next’, ‘finally’, etc. when describing a process or flow chart.
· Think about tenses and time, particularly when comparing data.
· Describe and report information.
· Organize your information clearly. You will need an : (1) introduction (2)body (3) conclusion
· Read through what you have written.
· Don’t start writing immediately.
· Do not copy the question or the instruction.
· Don’t repeat the same words in the chart in your essay.
· Do not include information that is not on the graph, diagram or chart.
· Don’t give opinions.
· Do not spend longer than 40 minutes on this task