Tuesday, September 18, 2012

PMR SUMMARY GUIDELINES - E2D MODULE

SECTION 4 SUMMARY
4.1 Guidelines for Summary
i. Candidates are required to study the text given carefully and then
summarize a passage of about 180 words in length.
ii. Candidates are required to write not more than 60 words, including the ten words given.
iii. Candidates are advised to spend about 30 minutes on this question.
iv. This question carries 10 marks.

4.2 Tips- Before, While and After Exam
Before Exam (Teacher and students)
i. Tell the students that summary is the bonus part-easy to score.
ii. Ask the students to read more books, keep a vocabulary book or
journal.
iii. Teach them Degrees of Paraphrasing.
iv. Do more exercises.

While Exam (Students)
i. Read for a purpose
-look at the question
-key words, normally in bold
ii. Read the passage
iii. Underline the points
iv. 1st draft
v. Rewrite
vi. Indicate the number of words.
vii. Use grid boxes


After Exam (Teacher)
i. Teacher indicates all errors but don’t penalize too much on language errors.
ii. Count and indicate the 60th word with a slash.






4.3 How to Score Better in the Language Section
i) Use Sentence connectors/ Conjunction:
First ,Next ,Then , Finally

ii) Rephrasing (RP)
ORIGINAL TEXT
The taxi driver greeted him with a warm smile.

(RP)
He received a warm reception from the taxi driver.
iii) Reorganising (RO)
ORIGINAL TEXT
The taxi driver greeted him with a warm smile.

(RO)
He was welcomed with a warm smile by the taxi driver.
or
With a warm smile, the taxi driver welcomed him.

iv) Single-Word Substitution (SW)

ORIGINAL TEXT
The taxi driver greeted him with a warm smile.

(SW)
The taxi driver welcomed me with a warm smile.
or
The cab driver greeted me with a warm smile.


Note: If the candidate is too weak, just do lifting.

v) Lifting (L)

ORIGINAL TEXT
The taxi driver greeted him with a warm smile.

(L)
The taxi driver greeted him with a warm smile.

(Wholesale copying from the original text. No attempt to paraphrase the
original text)



4.4 Actual PMR Summary Questions

Summary text 2009 – 2011 (actual PMR)
Year Stimulus /
text type Task
2009 Speech How open burning affects us
2010 Diary entry Some of the interesting things they did and saw there
2011 Article How the newspaper can be a useful tool to students

Summary 2009
A very good morning to the principal, teachers and friends. In conjunction with World Environment Day, I would like to highlight an issue which requires our attention-Open Burning.
Do you know that open burning effects us greatly? You would be surprised to know that itis an activity that greatly pollutes the environment. This pollution happens when open burning releases high level of toxic gases into the atmosphere like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen.
Besides contaminating the atmosphere, these gases also contribute to the greenhouse effect which leads to global warming. Meanwhile, the ash that is a by-product of open burning is usually the main cause of haze.
On certain days when the Air Pollution Index or API is high, vision can be impaired* and this could lead to accidents and other mishaps*.
People would also be generally affected by this irresponsible activity. Some may be affected by respiratory problems and breathing difficulties. With high contaminants in the air, some may also suffer from irritation to the eyes, nose and throat.
Meanwhile, certain people may face serious medical conditions like asthmatic attacks which could be fatal. Open burning can also cause other ailments like headaches, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and frighteningly, the life-threatening cancer.
So, do refrain from open burning. Stop before it is too late! Thank you.

*impaired – weakened or damaged
*mishaps – unlucky accidents

Write a summary on how open burning affects us.


Your summary must:
not are more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below.
be in continuous writing (not note form)
be written in one paragraph

Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning. Begin your summary as follows:
We should avoid from carrying out open burning because it …
PMR 2009 – paragraph 2, line 5
We should avoid from carrying out open burning because it pollutes the environment.

We should avoid from carrying
out open burning because it (10 w)/
pollutes the environment by releasing
high levels of toxic gases
into the atmosphere. It contributes
to the greenhouse effect which
leads to global warming. Furthermore,
the ash that is a
by-product is one of the
main causes of haze. Open
burning may bring about respiratory
problems and breathing difficulties.
( 59 w)




Summary 2010

Dear diary,
I had a fantastic time during the school holidays. After receiving his bonus, Dad took us to Layang-Layang Atoll, a beautiful coral island, situated north of Sabah.

We checked into the holiday resort late that evening. Then, we immediately rushed out to witness the breathtaking sunset. After dinner, we went early to bed, looking forward to the activities we were going to do the next morning.

Rising early, we went snorkeling in the cool, clear waters off the island. The scene before us was colourful and amazing. The live corals floated along with the movements of the current and we saw a wonderful variety of fish. Among them were puffer fish, clown fish and angel fish.
The next day, we had another wonderful experience. We went scuba-diving under the supervision of an expert. I was glad to be close to nature. I thanked God for giving me this wonderful opportunity.
On our last night, we stayed awake till the wee hours of the morning. It was because we were enjoying a fine barbecue by the seaside with fish that we had caught from the sea.

It was certainly a memorable holiday.
Nisha
Nisha and her family enjoyed themselves at Layang-Layang Atoll.
Write a summary on some of the interesting things they did and saw there.
Your summary must:
not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below.
be in continuous writing (not note form)
be written in one paragraph

Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning. Begin your summary as follows:
Upon checking into the holiday resort, Nisha and her family…




PMR 2010 – paragraph 2, line 5
Upon checking into the holiday resort, Nisha and her family witnessed the breathtaking sunset.

Upon checking into the holiday
resort, Nisha and her family (10w)/
Immediately rushed off to see
the breathtaking sunset. Early in
the morning, they went snorkelling
and saw a colourful and
amazing scenery. The next day,
they went scuba-diving and enjoyed
being close to nature. On
the last night, they enjoyed
a delicious barbeque till the
early Hours of the morning.
(60 w)












Summary 2011
The newspaper is an extremely useful learning tool to students today. Besides being easily available and affordable, it offers them numerous benefits.
A survey carried out on the benefits of the newspaper clearly shows that students who read the newspaper have a better understanding of the world around them. This is because they are better informed of the current issues happening around the world. Hence, they become more knowledgeable.
As language proficiency seems to be a problem amongst students these days, reading the newspaper also helps them improve their language skills. As such, they are able to put into practice what they have learnt.
Meanwhile, once outside the classroom, students can use the newspaper to be a continuous source of education and information. For example, it can be used to obtain reference material or ideas for their school assignments.
The newspaper today also motivates students to learn because it contains educational supplements that help them with their lessons. Besides, they also encourage students to develop their thinking skills through extensive reading.
It is without doubt that the newspaper is beneficial to the students. As such, we should encourage them to read the newspaper every day.

Write a summary on how the newspaper can be a useful tool to students.
Your summary must:
not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below.
be in continuous writing (not note form)
be written in one paragraph

Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning. Begin your summary as follows:
The newspaper is a useful tool that helps students to …





PMR 2011- Paragraph 2, line 2
The newspaper is a useful tool that helps students to have better understanding of the world around them.

The newspaper is a useful
tool that helps students to(10w) /
have better understanding of the
world around them. Thus, they
become well informed of the
current issues. It helps students
to improve their language skills
and Is a continuous source
of information and education. It
contains educational supplements that help
to encourage and develop thinking
skills among students.
CREDITS TO
-PMR (E2D) - JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI SABAH.

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